Communism in Cuba
Structure of the Communist PartyA Politburo with 22 members is leading the communist party in cooperation with the Central Comitee (Asamblea Nacional del Poder Popular).
Fidel Castro is the party's First Secretary and his brother Raúl Castro is the Party's Second Secretary.
The twenty members are:
José Ramón Machado Ventura , Esteban Lazo Hernández,
Ricardo Alarcón de Quesada, Abelardo Colome Ibarra,
Julio Casas Regueiro, Leopoldo Cintra Frías,
Ramón Espinosa Martín, Ulises Rosales del Toro,
José Ramón Balaguer Cabrera, Concepción Campa Huergo,
Yadira García Vera, Abel Prieto Jiménez,
Misael Enamorado Dáger, Miguel Mario Díaz Canel Bermúdez,
Pedro Ross Leal, Pedro Sáez Montejo,
Ramiro Valdéz Menendez, Jorge Luis Sierra Cruz,
Alvaro López Miera, Salvador Valdés Mesa.
Communism in Cuba TodayCubans have been oppressed for centuries, the common people were very poor, illiterate and unemployed, especially the black population on the countryside. The years after the Revolution were a change for the better compared to the cruel Batista dictatorship. The subsidization of the Cuban economy by the former Soviet Union improved the quality of life in the country. This dramatic improvements created a lot of goodwill towards the communist regime especially from the extreme poor black population on the countryside.
Due to the collapse of the former Soviet Union a new era of sobriety, named "the Special Period" began.
In search for a new income stream, the Cuban government established the tourist industry.
The Communist Party and Socialism have brought several benefits to Cuba, education, social security and medical care have considerably improved the life and are better than in most Latin American countries. There's less extreme poverty and more equality, but the price paid for this benefits is high. In Cuba there's no freedom of speech and organization, no ownership of property and a tight police control on the population.
After centuries of colonization and oppresion by Spain, 60 years of US American domination and 30 years of Soviet Union dependency, the country is still fighting for its own identity. A high ranking foreign diplomat and Cuba expert says: There are few real communists on the island, but every Cuban is a patriot and prepared to defend his country.