Agriculture on the Island

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"Food is still a problem today"

Because the communist revolution had such a strong impact on the island, almost every part of the society there has been saturated with the form of government rule. This would include agriculture and food.

Before the revolution, the government had begun to depend very heavily on trade with other countries, namely, the United States. In fact, an estimated of 75% of the country's revenue came from exportation of one of the island’s main crops: sugar

When the country was ruled by Fidel Castro, the impact was almost completely detrimental to the agricultural aspect of the country. 

At that time, the United States, along with a few other dominant countries, placed trade embargoes on Cuba, stopping all imports and exports. For a country that depended so heavily on trade, this had a severe impact.

It has only been recently that the woes of poverty have begun to be rectified as an agricultural revolution of sorts has taken place. In recent years, instead of lingering in poverty, the people of the country have begun to work to establish an agricultural society that is more independent and self-sustaining. Through this method, and through moving more and more toward a urban farming system which removes the need for expensive transportation, the country has begun a move toward agricultural success.

The Crops on the Island

Of course, one of the best known crops from the country is sugar cane.

Tobacco is the second largest crop on the island and is used to make the famous cigars. Other types that grow well include grapefruit, plantains, bananas, potatoes and rice.

One interesting new agricultural success that the country has found coincides with the new revolution of urban farms. The country has recently become one of the most prolific producer and exporter of bio-fertilizer.

Additionally, the island has become quite successful at producing wholly organic foods.

Food in Cuba

There are two things that can be said about the food: it has a definitive Latin flavor, and it is diverse.

In addition to the Latin elements of the food, there are also touches of all of the cultures that have had an impact on the island, including Africa, Spain, and the Caribbean.

This unique mix of cultures and the unique food items that are grown on the island has lead to a list of the typical food.

The two main staples of any meal in Cuba would be beans and rice. Almost every meal, including breakfast, will include each of these two elements.

There are a number of ways that the items are cooked in order to create different tastes and styles. The beans and rice used in the recipes are generally black and yellow respectively.

Of course, most dishes will include the tropical fruits of the island, specifically plantains and bananas. The fruits can be cooked in a number of ways, including baking or frying, and they are used as a side dish to the main meal.


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