Ernest Hemingway Biography
HIS YOUTHHemingway was named 'Ernest' after his grandfather (Ernest Hall) and born on July 21, 1899 in Oak Park near Chicago.
His parents Clarence Hemingway and Grace Hall, were conservative and Protestant Religious.
His father was a country doctor and a volunteer in the Civil War. His mother was a dominant and old fashioned woman who teached music. The young Ernest attended Oak Park High School, played football, boxed, develloped a macho behavior but he excelled in English classes.
After highschool he started a career as reporter for the
FIRST MARRIAGE and THE PARIS YEARS.On september 1921, Ernest Hemingway married his first wife Hadley Richardson. They moved to Paris where he wrote his first important novel:
'The Sun Also Rises'. A few years later he divorced to marry his second wife Pauline Pfeiffer, they lived together at Key West, Florida in 1931. In 1936 he travelled to Spain to report on the Civil War. After the victory of the Fascist Franco Regime he returned to Key West, divorced and married his third wife, Martha Gellhorn.
ERNEST HEMINGWAY IN CUBAHe had already visited Cuba, but from 1939 he lived on the island, where he wrote his masterpiece: 'For Whom the Bell Tolls'. The first chapter of this novel was written in his room in hotel AMBOS MUNDOS at Obispo street, Old Havana. He bought a country house named FINCA VIGIA near Havana. Instead of writing, he passed his time with fishing and drinking, for more than ten years his literary output stopped, due to writers block and his doubts.
Through his friendship with the US ambassador in Havana he became a "freelance-volunteer-spy" for the FBI.
His fishing boat the 'Pilar' was transformed into a "warship", a so called"Q-boat" to hunt for German submarines that treaded the Caribbean.
In this way he smartly managed that the US Government paid the bills of his fishing and drinking trips on the sea.
Giorgio FuentesWas a fisherman and steersman of the Hemingway boat 'PILAR'. It's been said that Santiago, the fisherman in the Hemingway bestseller 'The Old Man and the Sea' was based on the character of Fuentes.
The Old man and the SeaThe book was written by Hemingway in Cuba (1951). The novel describes the battle between an old fisherman and a giant marlin.
Cojimar - The Hemingway MuseumHemingway found his inpiration for 'The Old Man and the Sea' in a small fishing village COJIMAR 10km east of Havana. In Cojimar is a small Hemingway museum where his fishing boat the Pilar is exhibited.
Each year the HEMINGWAY FISHING TOURNAMENT is held at the Marina Hemingway.
HEMINGWAY THE FINAL YEARS
In 1960 he left Cuba and returned to the States after twenty years in Cuba. He got severe health problems, high blood pressure and liver problems and received treatment in Ketchum, Idaho.