The country has an infant mortality rate of 5.8 per 1,000 and a 96% literacy. Life expectancy is 77 years, the highest in Latin America. AIDS - deaths are fewer than 100 (2007)
Tourism is the country's main industry with a total number of 2,319,000 tourists in 2005. Other important industries are sugar, tobacco, nickel mining, steel, and pharmaceuticals.
Cuban major export partners are China (25%) Canada (20%) Spain (6.7%) Netherlands (4.5%)
In 1900 the first car in Latin America made its appearance in the streets of Havana
Havana was the first city in the world to use a phone with direct dial connection (without the involvement of a telephone operator) in 1906
In 1915, the first Cuban Peso were issued with a value equal to the U.S.dollar
Cuba was the second nation in the world that made radio broadcast in 1922
Cuba was the first country in Latin America to introduce in 1937 the eight hours workday
and minimum wages.
It was the first country in Latin America to grant the right to vote to women in 1940 together with the official recognition of the right to work for women.
In 1950 it was the second country worldwide to make an official television broadcast.
The FOCSA building in Havana Vedado, built in 1952 was at that time the second highest
concrete building in the world (121 metres - 39 floors). In 1953 the most modern television studios at that time were installed in the FOCSA building.
It was the second country in the world to broadcast color television in 1958.
In 1958, it was the country with the most cars in Latin America and the second country regarding the total number of radios.