Taino Indians Cuba

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The Taino were the inhabitants of the Caribbean area (including nowdays: Cuba, Puerto Rico, Haiti, Jamaica, Dominican Republic) before the arrival of Columbus and they were relatives of the Arawak Indians. They were a peaceful people not prepared for a confrontation with the Spanish conquerors.
When the Spanish conqueror Diego Velazquez landed near Guantánamo Bay after a fight, the Taino chief Hatuey was captured and burnt alive tied on a stake.
The rest of the indigenous people did not resist and were slaughtered or enslaved.
Many died from hard labour in mines or from diseases like smallpox. By the end of the 16th century the Taino population declined from many hundred thousands down to a few hundred.

The Truth About the Taino

Recommended Books About the Taino

  • The Taino: Rise and Decline of the People who Greeted Columbus
    By Irving Rouse
  • The Indigenous People of the Caribbean
    By Samuel Wilson

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